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Early Christianity

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Early Christianity
Messiah – A messiah can be defined as an expected savior of a religious grouping. Christians regard Jesus Christ as their expected liberator.
Atonement – The reconciliation of Christians and God through the intervention of Jesus Christ.
Justification – The act of making and subsequently proclaiming righteous before God through Jesus’ atoning sacrifice.

The Three Theological Virtues
Hope
Charity
Faith
The Four Cardinal Virtues
Prudence/wisdom
Courage/Fortitude
Justice/Fairness
Temperance/self-control
List the five members (five sees)
Rome
Jerusalem
Constantinople
Antioch
Alexandria
List the Seven Sacraments.
Baptism
Confirmation
Eucharist
Penance
Anointing of the Sick
Matrimony
Holy Orders
List the seven orders noted by Pope Cornelius.
Priests
Deacons
Subdeacons
Acolytes
Exorcists
Rectors
Porters
How did Pope Paul VI alter the minor orders?
The orders of rector, exorcist, porter and acolyte were recognized as minor orders in the traditional Latin Church. Pope Paul VI in his 1972 Apostolic Letter, repressed tonsure, and this resulted in the entry into the clerical state as well as subdiaconate. Their functions were handed over to acolytes and rectors. Acolytate and lectorate were retained though they were no longer referred to as Orders but were considered as ministries conferred through installation rather than through ordination.
Explain the Liturgical Vestments
The first attire the priest wears is the amice that is rectangular shaped linen cloth.

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The priest wears the cloth under his alb using two strings at the upper corners of the cloth. The purpose of the cloth is to cover the priest’s neck to hide the cleric’s Roman collar. The amice signifies Christ’s humiliation since a linen cloth covered the heads of criminals sentenced to death. The alb, a long white robe is a sign of peace and is worn during liturgical celebrations by all clerics. The alb is tied at the waist by the cincture that is a sign of chastity. The maniple that bears similar color to the chasuble is worn by clerics on the left hand. Its purpose is to remind a cleric to be ready to suffer in the quest to spread God’s word. A scarf like clothing, the stole is worn by the priest, deacon and bishop over the alb. It is of great importance and signifies the ordained office. Worn during the sacrifice of the mass, the chasuble matches the liturgical color and is worn over the stole and alb by bishops and priests.
Explain the liturgical colors
Liturgical colors are the particular colors used in the liturgical garments. Blue is closely linked to the Virgin Mary and is used in the Spain for the Immaculate Conception. Rose color is used the third Sunday of Advent and the fourth Sunday in Lent. On Holy Innocents, red is used. Events such as these include Pentecost, Palm Sunday and feasts of Apostles, Martrys, and Evangelists. Green is used after Pentecost as well as after Epiphany. During advent and on vigils aside from the Pentecost vigil, violet is used. Black is on the other hand, synonyms with masses for the dead as well as on Good Friday.
Matthew 26:19-30
Jesus and His disciples were having the Last Supper.
In Mathew chapter 26, verse 28, Jesus mentions the New Testament.
The Sermon on the Mount
List the Beatitudes
Blessed are those who are poor in spirit, the Kingdom of heaven is theirs.
Blessed are those that morn, they shall be comforted
Blessed are humble for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who thirst and hunger for righteousness, for they shall be filled.
Blessed are those who possess mercy for they shall acquire mercy.
Blessed are pure in heart for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be called the children of God.
Blessed are those that are persecuted for the sake of righteousness for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
What REPLACES eye for an eye?
Jesus replaced eye for an eye with the instructions that if a person slaps you on the right cheek you should turn on to them the left cheek. If anyone wants to take your shirt, give them your coat.
John 3:1-18
What was the statement that bothered Nicodemus?
The statement that bother Nicodemus was when Jesus said that a person cannot enter God’s Kingdom not unless he is born again.
Explain the point of John 3:16-18.
The love of God for us is never ending, and He gave His only Son to die and suffer for our sake. God acknowledges that humankind can never be perfect and with His mercy He brought Jesus to show us the way.
What is the POINT of being comforted in this passage?
God comforts us in all the troubles we may be going through, and this offers us an opportunity to take advantage of His compassion to also support others in their time of need.
Copy the Lord’s Prayer in English and Latin (Pater Noster).
OUR FATHER, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
PATER NOSTER, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Amen.
Mark 2:23-28
Jesus is claiming power over Sabbath.
1 Timothy 2:5
Here Jesus claims He is the only link (go-between) between God and man.

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