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Moral Perspectives

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Moral PerspectivesMorals are rules and regulation put forward within a society, classifying right or wrong things in society (Durkheim 30). Philosophers have gradually advanced the rationale of ethical consideration in society. Precisely, morals personify one’s character. Scholars believe religion, conscience and upbringing hugely influence one’s moral character. Critics are divisive on the precincts of moral character and moral authority within any just society. Democracy has shifted the moral perspectives, to include unnatural sexual orientation and wanting decisions such as war and draconian laws. The essay evaluates the existence of moral character among renowned philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Gandhi.
Socratic Perspective
Socrates exhibited moral character both in the teachings and personal character. Socrates universally taught on the importance of self-knowledge to discern good and evil. The philosopher believed a society held by rules and regulations, acted in the best interests of the citizens. The authorities charged Socrates with impiety and corruptive criticism of the Greek society. Socrates exhibited moral character by refusing to leave Athens and instead fight for self-determination of right or wrong in the society. Socrates further exemplified moral character based on teachings of ethical intellect. The philosopher believed that involuntary actions amounted to ignorance (Colaiaco 21). The philosopher believed one’s action were dependent on one’s interest, thus concluding an individual is averse to bad morals.

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Intuitively, the philosopher’s perseverance and courage in the face of persecution and discrimination clearly exhibits the moral character of the philosopher.
Gandhian Perspective
Mahatma Gandhi personified moral character through leadership and social transformation. Historians agree that Gandhi is one of the renowned nineteenth-century scholars. Gandhi believed morals were integrative through transformative and evolutionary perspectives in the admission of good and evil. The philosopher previously led non-violent protests on racial segregation, moral decadence, and social discrimination. Gandhi believed in a distinct social code on behavior for all citizens. The philosopher embodied religious virtues as the bedrock of moral character. However, Gandhi believed in the social transcendence of religion over religious sectarianism. Gandhi believed religion, politics and society, were dependent on morals to thrive (Narvaez and Daniel 230). Furthermore, the philosopher’s success in socially transforming the society and establishing definite moral codes of behavior, within and outside India, exhibits the importance of morals in building a moral character.
Aristotelian Perspectives
Aristotle exemplified moral character through social life and philosophical teachings. The philosopher subdued social decay in the society through living a virtuous life and advocating for moral standards of behavior. Aristotle classified morals as a balance of motive and wishes by any individual. Individuals have a choice to choose between bad and evil, influenced by religion, attitudes and culture. Furthermore, the philosopher further explained that good character depends on self-confidence and self-esteem of a person. The philosopher successfully influenced moral standards within the Greek society through teachings. The scholar’s moral character in the community convinced the citizens of the importance of morals (Kristjánsson 10). The scholar’s teaching on the consistency of behavior and excellence of thought; define the real moral character of Aristotle. The achievements of Aristotle enabled the Greek society to embrace uniform moral standard and distinct rules.
Conclusively, ethical perspectives define the moral and personal character of any individual. Morals and ethics are a set of rules and regulations that clearly discern good and evil things. Religion, upbringing, and culture influence the personal character of a person. Socrates exemplified moral character through criticism of the establishment of the vices within the society. Gandhi championed social inclusion as a personification of a virtuous life. Aristotle’s teachings and virtuous life challenged the citizens to embrace the moral character. Consequently, morals enable individuals to adopt a good character.
Works Cited
Colaiaco, James A. Socrates against Athens: philosophy on trial. Routledge, 2013. Print.
Durkheim, Emile. Professional ethics and civic morals. Routledge, 2013. Print.
Kristjánsson, Kristján. Aristotle, emotions, and education. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2012. Print.
Narvaez, Darcia, and Daniel Lapsley. “Becoming a moral person–Moral development and moral
character education as a result of social interactions.” Empirically informed ethics:
Morality between facts and norms. Springer International Publishing, 2014. 227-238.
Print.

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