New Speakers revised
The research investigates and reflects an ever increasing group of new speakers within a few minority languages of Europe. The group of researchers uses the term new speakers to refer to a group or individuals with no permanent residence or direct exposure to a word but learn it through immersion or educational systems. The increase in the number of these new speakers has helped explain how minority communities are changing their way and traditions as a result of globalization, creating a new group within society. The researchers also focus on principles past scientist took for granted when carrying out sociolinguistic researches. Bernadette and her group analyze their concepts of new speakers on a few European minority groups including the Basque Country, Ireland, Catalonia within Spain and Occitanic. Other countries mentioned are the Corsica, Galicia and the Isle of Man. The research framework is based on sociolinguistics and sociology of languages of these minority European communities.
Keywords: new speaker, sociolinguistics, minority language, sociology of languages, native language.
Bernadette O’Rourke and her fellow group of researchers focused on the role of language in bringing about social differences and inequality.
They based their theoretical framework on sociolinguistics and the sociology of communications and how these concepts unfold in minority groups.
Bernadette aimed to raise awareness of the differences brought about by a newly emerging group of new minority language speakers.
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These further differences or contradictions are unique and opposite of old divisions between minority and majority language speakers. The researchers also focus on principles past scientist took for granted when carrying out sociolinguistic researches.
Bernadette and her group analyze their concepts of new speakers on a few European minority groups including the Basque Country, Ireland, Catalonia within Spain and Occitanic. Other countries mentioned are the Corsica, Galicia and the Isle of Man (O’Rourke & Pujolar, 2015).
According to Prof. Bernadette new speakers have led to divisions which have affected norms and ideas that were used to identify a language. Philology and sociolinguistics have helped developed a niche for minority speaker in the native language.
Attempts to revive sociolinguistics to preserve indigenous communities have failed to acknowledge new speakers, with their position ignored in most cases even though they are part of the language shift.
The lingual economy is depicted as one facing great changes with scientific authority abandoned in the new sociolinguistics order. In these modern economies both the new speakers and their traditions are not ignored, regardless of the community spaces are demarcated for new lingual speakers in different linguistic society.
Linguistics and related fields are believed to shape the process of language intervention significantly. The researchers based their research on the New Speakers on the acknowledgment of these interventions and the roles they play.
O’Rourke, B., & Pujolar, J. (2015). New speakers and processes of new speakerness across time and space. Applied Linguistics Review, 6(2). doi: 10.1515/applirev-2015-0007
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