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socialization paper

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Attitude is often defined as the cognitive evaluation of people, objects, ideas or events that in turn shape personal behavior. Attitudes are generally categorized into positive and negative. However, in a few instances, attitudes can be considered uncertain. The ABC model is used to describe attitude. It consists of Affect, Behavior, and Cognition. The effective component is described as the emotional reaction that one develops towards a concept called attitude object. This component of attitude is thought to stem from the emotional aspect. Such things as politics, sex, religion, etc. fall into this category. The behavioral component of attitude describes the behavioral modification in an individual following exposure to the same attitude object. For instance, take an individual that fears snakes, how does their behavior change at the site of a snake? Last but not least is the cognitive component of attitude. This one is anchored in the thought processes and surrounds the beliefs that one holds towards an attitude object.
Prejudice, aggression and attraction all interact in a complex way to shape social interaction. Prejudice is considered as a preconceived judgment against an individual or a group that is often than not negative. Holding a prejudice against a person means one will not readily interact leading to strained relations. Attraction can be explained through the reward theory of attraction. People are most likely to be inclined towards forming social bonds with those whose behaviors are rewarding to the social interaction.

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Aggression means someone will go to great lengths to hurt other people be it emotionally or physically. This works in increasing the social distance with people that initially interacted.
Groups are known to influence an individual’s behavior due to the complex social interactions. Interestingly, despite groups consisting of individuals, they have their set of norms. It is important to note that once in a group, people tend to behave as a unit. Norm is the complex phenomenon that influence an individual’s behavior while in the group while they have little knowledge of the change in behavior (Tausch et al 2012). The norms are seen as the forces behind the shift in behavior. Norms are categorized into different types depending on the mechanism with which they alter individual behavior while in a group. Performance norms, appearance norms and social arrangement norms are the few concepts that explain the influence of groups on individual behavior.
Obedience and conformity are two contrasting concepts that are common in individual and group relations. Despite the fact that both are inclined to some degree of surrender of one’s inner self, there are numerous differences between the two (Bocchiaro and Zamperini, 2012). Conformity suggests that one alters their behavior in order to fit into the social context. In other words, one modifies their beliefs, attitudes and behavior in order to match the masses. Therefore, conformity is considered to originate from indirect authority and little pressure from the group. Contrary, obedience has the effect of rules and regulations in the background of authoritative figures. An individual therefore is forced to act according to the instructions laid down without any protest due to the fear of consequences.
Social psychology has emerged to be the focus of social interaction in the workplace environment. Since productivity is strongly associated with motivation, social psychology is relevant in examining the workplace environment. Social relations directly affect interpersonal relationships. For instance, if a certain group of workers develops a stereotype against their colleague, it is likely to affect the morale and productivity of the individual due to the resultant effects on attitude and motivation.

References
Bocchiaro, P., & Zamperini, A. (2012). Conformity, obedience, disobedience: The power of the
situation. INTECH Open Access Publisher.
Tausch, N., Becker, J. C., Spears, R., Christ, O., Saab, R., Singh, P., & Siddiqui, R. N. (2011).
Explaining radical group behavior: Developing emotion and efficacy routes to normative and nonnormative collective action. Journal of personality and social psychology, 101(1), 129.

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