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Child Malnutrition: A Problema From Which To Protect Children

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Child Malnutrition: A Problema from which to protect children

Child malnutrition has become a worldwide problem related to multiple factors among which is the lack of access to healthy food and preparations, lack of access to basic services, economic underdevelopment, social injustice, illiteracy, illiteracy, illiteracy,The environment, lack of access to health services, as well as the generation of capacities and knowledge related to food and nutrition with the people responsible for children under five years of age, is clearly a disease caused by the low intake of nutritious foods, this form this formpart of one of the great diseases that every year comes to the lives of many infants every year in the world.  

Due to so many associated factors that influence worldwide and with the increase in poverty, it causes every time the percentages of children die from malnutrition increase. Among them are: varieties of infectious diseases and acute digestive disorders, surviving children with low stature and thin normal context, due to parents’ genetics.  

When the balance of these factors is modified and nutrition is altered, the growth and development of the child is interrupted, giving rise to child malnutrition. Malnourished children are immunodeficent and that is why general hospitals are high dangerous for them, since they infect and die. 

Malnutrition occurs at all stages throughout the life cycle. In the areas marked with a high prevalence of malnutrition, children born to malnourished mothers have a delay in growth and thinness.

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These children do not recover the development of growth in the following years, have a higher risk of morbidity, enter school late and do not get adequate learning, being less productive when they reach adulthood. In adulthood they are more likely to suffer chronic diet -related diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Children born from malnourished mothers or with low weight and/or retardation in growth are more likely to present these same characteristics. In this sense, malnutrition is transmitted from one generation to another as a terrible inheritance and thus the cycle would begin again. 

There are different types of malnutrition such as chronic malnutrition that is when a child presents a delay in their growth. Timely treatment is required to prevent severe or severe acute malnutrition, it is the most serious form of malnutrition. When the child has a weight well below the reference standard for his height. This alters all the vital processes of the child leading to a high risk of mortality. The risk of death for a child with severe acute malnutrition is 9 times greater than for a child who is in normal conditions. 

Childhood is considered to be one of the primary stages in the life of the human being since it is characterized by various essential changes such as: growth and development. 

In children, it is essential. When reserves are inadequate or exhausted, nutritional diseases are presented. 

Nutritional complementation is a basic component in the prevention and treatment of child malnutrition. The adequate introduction of complementary foods from six months of age, handwashing, detection of prevalent diseases in childhood and acute malnutrition, recognition of malnutrition alarm signs, basic hygiene, alternatives to improve qualityof the family diet from the resources, uses and customs of the communities, recognition of local production foods to achieve diversity would diet.  

Through the strengthening of key health practices for the management of children with acute malnutrition at home is an opportunity to connect to the family the use of the therapeutic formulas ready to consume and also practices that contribute to the improvement ofThe nutritional situation of the child and her family, which is recommended to agree and monitor the practices of exclusive breastfeeding up to six months and complementary until two years. 

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