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INDIANS/EUROPEANS RELATIONS 1607-1763

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Indian’s and European Relations 1607-1763Indians were the native occupants of the American soil. The year 1607 was the year Europeans began to settle on the American soil. The Europeans voyage got pinned in their Christian belief of spreading the gospel as well as seeking fortune. Though hostile, they became friendly to the Europeans in trade and allowed them to settle. Formation of the Virginia territory resulted from the settlers of Jamestown, who named the area in honor of the virgin queen of England. The Settlers who were sent by the Virginia Company settled on an island called Jamestown and did the naming of Virginia. Following the settlement of Jamestown, the British realized there were a lot of lands to cultivate yet there were no servants to help cultivate the earth. Their numbers reduced following the deaths during the war of resistance from the natives. There was a need for cheap labor leading to the system of indentured servitude. Skilled and unskilled workers from Europe, rendered jobless by the war in Europe went to seek jobs in America in exchange for their passage. 1619 was the year African servants were introduced on the coast of Chesapeake, and were more expensive than the indentured servants were.
Encroachment of the land by the Europeans led to the Indians resistance resulting to several uprising in Virginia. Most of the uprising ended in more invasion of the earth arising from the defeat of the Indians.

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The defeat of the Indians in 1675 ended in Indians sold as servitudes. Continued pressure from the colonists led to the merging of five local tribes to form “Ho-De-No-Sau-Nee,” to help negotiate and fight the colonists. The league was active until the time of the American Revolution when the jury of the tribe could not reach an agreement, breaking the bond between the tribes. Their defeat by the British led to a treaty that demanded the Indies to pay settlements to the British Colonies in America.
The rebellion of the slaves and indentured servants was a familiar phrase in the history of British colonies in America. By the time the first Africans arrived in Virginia, there were no slave laws and were treated as indentured servants with equal opportunities for freedom as whites. Slave laws were first made and implemented in the British colony Virginia in 1661 and deprived the Africans any freedom that existed. Threatened by the demand for land by the indentured servants, the colonists turned to racial slavery, going for the renewable African slaves. The Beacons rebellion in 1676 left the Jamestown down to ashes; the meetings moved to Green Spring Plantation and the other that followed held at Middle Plantation. Burning of the statehouse again in 1698 in Jamestown led to the temporary relocation of the legislature to Middle Plantation and was never rebuilt again in Jamestown.
In the seventeenth century, laws enacted give restriction to both the master and indentured servant protection. Following the introduction of African slaves in 1619, the establishment of slavery in Virginia followed in 1660. Resistance to diseases and farming culture of the Africans, British found African slaves to be ideal. At this time buying and owning of slaves had begun. The Britain’s exchanged slaves for any other goods they wished to buy, and slaves had no right to life, fortune, or liberty giving their masters absolute power over their subjects. The state of Virginia 1661 passed laws to recognize enslavement of Africans.
British racism became apparent after Americans’ independence. According to the British, Africans, had no right to life, liberty, or happiness as the whites did. The genetic constitution differences of the European colonists and the blacks formed the basis of the discrimination, which is racial. A case in point is the escape of three indentured servants, one African and the other two European who upon their recapture received unequal punishment based on their origin. The African was subjected to life service to the master while the whites served their masters for an extra year.
Despite the slave trade existing in their native land, Indians never participated in the slave trade. The trade was entirely a British act and commerce that dominated their colonies. Agricultural advancement in the Caribbean and West Indies motivated the colonists of Virginia to enact legislations that allowed them to own African slaves. Borrowing from the law of Virginia, other states followed in putting in place rules that permitted slave trade, depleting them fundamental rights and giving the owners more control. With the ratification of the constitution in the United States, abolitionist laws spread to the Northern States where incidences of free labor were rampant. These sentiments led to the abolishment of slavery that finally ended in 1820s.
Since the existence of the U.S government, slavery has been abolished and an offense punishable by the law. Attempts to render compensation to the slaves by the American government has borne no fruits despite the many attempts for reparations. Various movements support the reparations to the descendants of the slaves for the years of indignities, hardships, and dehumanization. The amounts involved in such reparations are enormous and could cost the federal government a great deal of money that makes it difficult to authorize. Identification of the subjects for compensation is a hindrance.

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