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Sociology

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Sociology
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Institution

Consequences of Gender Stratification
Indeed, all societies use gender as a means of stratification, and this means that in all societies, men seem like more important than women do, or people believe that they add more value socially, economically and physically. Therefore, the consequences for race and gender stratification based on this school of thought have had various effects on different societies all over the world (Heslin, 2015). One of these effects is that men in most societies have easier access to wealth or positions that gain them access to wealth. It has also led to gender inequality in many instances as people continue to grapple with the enormous gap between men and women. One huge effect of this phenomenon is that women often find themselves in careers that are less financially rewarding than those that men they engage are in. An example of this is that more men find themselves in high-level managerial positions as compared to women.
Differences between “Race” and “Ethnicity”.
Though race and ethnicity share a common background, there are differences between these two terms and they have their definitions and perceptions. Race on many occasions is a collective term that defines multiple ethnic affiliations. Moreover, it is socially imposed and is a hierarchical order (Heslin, 2015).An ethnicity is a social group of belonging and membership, where most people have a direct affiliation and connection with a certain panel in the society.

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However, though both of these two terms refer to groups of social belonging and order, their levels of social construction differ to a degree, and the degree of power and emphasis in these two terms does not match. The race of a person has much more widespread general significance especially when issues come to a higher scale such as that of international levels.
The US Social Class Ladder
The US social ladder is a model that portrays the class structure of the United States, specifically in capitalistic terms. Generally, in instances where there is less wealth, there is less power and prestige. In those situations where there is more wealth, there is more power and prestige. The capitalist class is at the top and consists of wealthy individuals, executives, their families and immediate heirs (Gilbert & Karl, 2013).The upper middle class follows below, and it is made up of professionals and top management officials with vocational qualifications from institutions. Next in line is the lower middle class that consists of semi-professional individuals and artisans, who have little education. The working class follows consisting of the clerical staff, and other workers in various companies and industries. The working poor are the next social class, and this mainly consists of laborers and lowly paid workers. The underclass is the bottom of the chain with such people as the unemployed and those on welfare.
Marriage and Family in the Three Sociological Perspectives
Marriage and family often appear in three social perspectives. The structural functionalist perspective views these two institutions as the basic building block of the society. The main concept in this theory is that the family is the main building block of the society and hence is necessary for social stability (Heslin, 2015).The conflict perspective differs from the original view, and it has the main belief that marriage comes because of the conflict and differences between both men and women. It has certain affiliations with the dominance that men may have over women in general. The symbolic interactionist perspective to marriage and family has the belief that every marriage is different in its way. It looks at marriage as a diverse affair since it differs from couple to couple, and it is not possible to compare two different marriages.
References
Gilbert, D. & Kahl, J. (2013). The American class structure. Chicago, Ill.: Dorsey Press.
Heslin, M. (2015). Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach (12th Ed.). Pearson. http://www.pearsonhighered.com/educator/product/Sociology-A-DowntoEarth-Approach-12E/9780205991648.page

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