Cloning is the process of transferring somatic cell nuclear with the intention of creating new biological material. The new material is genetically identical to the parent. The discussion regarding whether or not to accept cloning has generated much debate. This is because the potential benefits of cloning are accompanied by harm to the rejected clones. Ethical theories have also been used to argue the subject (Voneky and Wolfrum 55). This paper conducts an analysis on the subject of cloning, focusing on Kantian deontology support for the subject.
The capacity to use cloning to enhance life places humans in an exciting and frightening threshold. The technological advances have turned the question from whether it can be done (since cloning is a reality) to whether it should be done. Answering this question requires delving into Immanuel Kant’s ethical arguments that favor human cloning. Kant postulated that an action would only be perceived as good if the reverse action were acceptable. This is particular concern because cloning would only duplicate the genetic makeup but not account for external influences. Applying Kant’s argument to clones would demand that they are treated as living beings in themselves and not a means to improve the lives of others. This argument would make it seem like Kant’s theory is against cloning owing to its motivations, but that is not the case. This is because a clone is not a person until it has been born and become an independent being.
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As such, the original motivations for cloning are by Kant’s imperative to treat all persons as ends rather than means (Voneky and Wolfrum 97-98).
One must accept that cloning is a groundbreaking process that has transformed the concept of life. Also, one has no option but to acknowledge that the subject provokes polarizing ethical debates. In fact, ethical questions are raised over whether it is right to clone organisms and what rights each of the parties have. Kantian deontology weighs in on the argument to provide support for cloning by showing that clones are not humans in themselves thereby justifying their use for research and therapeutic purposes. Therefore, Kantian deontology supports cloning.
Voneky, Silja and Rudiger Wolfrum. Human Dignity and Human Cloning. New York: Springer, 2004. Print.
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