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Leadership And Decision -Making Era

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Leadership and decision -making era

INTRODUCTION   

In every organization, leadership is fundamental at the time of decision making, this implies that a good part of this work is exercised by the leader, which must transmit security when directing a work team, you cannot be a leader if There is fear or insecurity when delegating a task. Some of these decisions are oriented towards the objective to be achieved in a long -term medium -term time range, in turn there are other decisions that are to apply them immediately. When making a decision, different aspects must be evaluated; The first of these is to select an objective or goal which is to be achieved, how second point must evaluate the available resources of the organization, on the other hand the different alternatives should be considered, as well as the possible result of the alternatives to choose and finally one of the alternatives must be chosen based on the analysis of the previously evaluated results. Leadership and decision making go hand in hand, these are complemented and allow the organization’s approach to assess whether the proposed alternatives can affect the life of the organization in the future.

Leadership and decision making

From an administrative point of view, it could be argued that directing or managing an organization is necessary and, leading it is essential. The management of an organization can be defined as a social process of adapting the company’s resources, through a logical action plan that, in turn, achieves maximum productivity, profitability and maintenance of the consensual mission-objective In that organization.

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In other words, address is the process of working with and through individuals and groups, plus another series of resources, to achieve organizational objectives. When the term leadership is used, this is characterized by producing every time it comes to influencing the behavior of an individual or group.

Directive capacity to supervise and give orders

The directive capacity within an organization or company, is the resource that a person has to organize, delegate and supervise the work to be performed. It is important to have extensive knowledge of the work to be carried out, to achieve the proposed objective without the most difficulty in between.

Ability to direct a group.

It is possible to distinguish a person with high directive capacity, according to certain characteristics that highlight it. This person must have and do their work with professionalism, ethics and psychology to be able to group the subordinates in the interest of the results to be obtained in the organization. Achieving an ideal person to perform this work is to ensure part of the employer’s successful achievements and what he represents.

The effectiveness and quality of management and organizational supervision must be measured, evaluated and analyzed based on results, among other reasons, because it is the managers and supervisors responsible for everything that happens in the organizations and teams that administer, of The same is precisely those who accrue the highest salary emoluments, enjoy the most attractive stimuli and enjoy the most important powers throughout the institutional scale. In this way, you can see the need to apply effectiveness as a requirement for obtaining quality. The quality of management has a broader and more comprehensive reach, and includes among other different aspects, the fact that the manager is able to be highly effective in their management to obtain results.

Management leadership

Leadership is one of the basic skills that every person must possess when they are facing an organization. The manager who is a leader, does her work to be accepted and to serve a team, and must be able to lead the organization, the groups and also.

It is important to highlight authors such as: Dave Ulrich, Jack Zenger and Norm Smallwood that, based on their knowledge, consider that the best way to set what leads will result, is pointing out some attributes related to what the leader must be , know and do. Some feasible examples are:

  • Set the course: the leaders who set the course know and do at least three things: they understand external events, focus on the future and turn the vision into action. The leader must direct the institution towards the future; To predict and play with various influences, such as clientele, technology, regulations, competitors, investors and suppliers; In this way, the manager implies to the organization its own and unique identity, and generates value for all those who have interest in it. The future of the organization expresses concerts elements, such as vision, mission, strategy, aspiration, destination, principles, etc.
  • Demonstrate personal character: followers need leaders in whom they can believe, with whom they can identify and who can have confidence. This is credibility, and also contains attributes such as honesty, ability to inspire, impartiality, ability to support others. Character leaders live the principles of their organization by practicing what they preach; They possess and generate in others a positive image of themselves and exhibit cognitive capacity and personal charm to a high degree.
  • Mobilize individual dedication: leaders turn a vision into facts, making others commit themselves. He manages to translate future aspirations in those behaviors and daily actions that are required to each employee; Thus, employees undertake to harmonize their actions with organizational goals and are dedicated to putting the heart, soul and mind in the purposes of the organization. Leaders must forge collaborative relationships, share power and authority and manage attention. In the same way they should help individuals, to see and feel how their contributions contribute to the achievement of the entity’s goals.
  • Engender organizational capacity: this refers to the processes, practices and activities that create value for the organization. Leaders have to be able to translate organizational course into directives, vision in practice and purpose in a process. The capacity represents the identity of the company or educational institution as they perceive both employees and customers or users. Among others, leaders must exhibit these skills: forge organizational infrastructure, take advantage of diversity, develop teams, design human resources systems and make change a reality.
  • Leadership techniques: It is important to address the aspect of leadership techniques that a manager must use to adequately direct the staff.

In this regard, the following are recommended:

  • Mold the vision: the simple is better, because the delegation depends on a shared understanding with respect to the organizational goal.
  • Educate: in order to form an organization that supports leadership towards the scope of institutional objectives.
  • GIVE AND OBTAIN FEEDBACK.
  • Delegate authority due: centralized control should be combined with decentralized execution.
  • Do not depend completely on formulas: leaders must also learn to trust their instincts and develop their hearts
  • Driving: We must guide and direct the subordinates so that they develop understanding and cooperation among all, for the perfection of education and instruction in the collective sphere.
  • • Nstructure: precise technical notions and direct exercises should be taught, to provide subordinates with the specific knowledge they need to fulfill their missions.

 

Leaders can lead great transformations, provided they have a team trained to accompany them, who use their time with intelligence, that confer that team the possibility of exchanging impressions with their boss (even dissenting with this) and feeling useful being a part of the task they are carrying out.

Leadership is a matter of spirit, a combination of personality and vision. The styles of the leaders are multiple, there is no recipe but only experiences of common men living the circumstances imposed by his time. The leader is the support of the team, which enhances people to develop their concerns, initiatives and creativity. He encourages responsibility, team spirit, personal development, and, especially, is the artisan of the creation of a spirit of belonging that unites collaborators to decide the measures to be taken.

Differences between boss and leader

Leadership has nothing to do with hierarchical position, but with the skills a person has to lead a work team, it is very important to know that the terms: Chief and leader, are not synonymous. Many are the attitudes that can make the difference between one profile and another.

A leader is a person who leads and directs a group, while the boss is the person who has authority or power over a group to direct his work or activities.

The difference between leader and boss is that a leader is the one who directs and motivates a team of people without imposing their own ideas, while a boss is an imposed authority that uses his power to send orders to one or more people.

  • Leader: In the business or organizational field, a leader generally occupies a directive or supervision position. However, he does not impose his hierarchy to the team, but tries to integrate into him, understanding his needs, talents and skills of each and taking the most of these resources to achieve the objectives set.
  • Chief: A boss is a person who occupies a position that has been imposed on him, beyond his abilities or talents. In general, the boss assumes the authority that gives him the position of him as a resource to impose his criteria or, in the worst cases, to intakes his subordinates.

In a traditional business vision, the boss is used as an authority figure that commands and orders their subordinates or employees, without taking into consideration their opinions, experience or well -being of them. In this sense, the author’s authority is vertical, descending, authoritarian and unilateral.

Types of leaders

 Among the most prominent leaders at a general level, they can be appointed:

  • LAISSEZ-FAIRE leader: This leader is characterized by delegating functions and not being a controller, because he lets employees fulfill their tasks without intervening regularly, only when necessary. He hopes that experienced workers produce more when they are less supervised, since they can fulfill independently. This type of leader has the advantage that encourages the creativity and motivation of the work team. On the other hand, it is not recommended with little experienced personnel who does not know how to meet the objectives in a certain period. In addition, the behavior of this leader can cause a lack of control and little productivity.
  • Autocratic leader: an autocratic leader makes decisions without consulting with others, since he concentrates all power and does not accept that someone leads him the opposite. It works unidirectionally: the manager commands and the others obey without guttar. This type of leadership is beneficial when fast decisions are needed and when you have employees that must be monitored to fulfill their activities. An autocratic profile can promote productivity. However, within the disadvantages is a demotivated working group that does not feel that it is given the value it deserves.
  • Democratic leader: he is a participatory leader who excites employees and promotes participation. The dialogue has as a flag and takes into account the opinions before making a decision. It has the advantages that employees feel valued and commit more to the organization and their activities. However, disagreements may be created among workers when decisions are made.
  • Transactional leader: A transactional leader exercises his work with exchange processes with subordinates; That is, employees are rewarded when they perform their work efficiently and that leads to increase productivity. This type of leadership guides to achieve the objectives, thanks to the rewards that this generates. It is effective when the company wants to work without problems, but its predictable personality will have disadvantages in changing environments.
  • Transformational leader: A transformational leader uses high -level communication to get goals and transmits employees an excellent vision of change to employees. With high motivation improves the productivity of the equipment and is able to undertake organizational changes. This type of leadership makes everyone work in the same direction and promoting confidence, respect and admiration. It is found in managerial trends because you know how to use the resources available to take advantage of them. 

 

There is no higher leadership than others, because everything will depend on the context. Regardless of the type of leader, the performance of those responsible for the processes will have consequences.

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